How To Wire A Outlet
Electrical outlet wiring is an integral part of the electrical wiring process and learning how to wire a outlet can be fairly uncomplicated. In fact, wiring outlet circuits is actually quite easy when it is at the end of the circuit.
Guidelines for wiring an outlet are highlighted below:
- Tools Needed
- Utility knife
- Needle-nose pliers
- A wire cutter or a heavy pair of pliers
- Flat-head screwdriver
- Materials Needed
- 12 or 14 gauge Romex wire
- Outlet boxes
- Wire staples
- Wire splice connectors
It is very important to ensure that there is no electricity flowing while the wiring is being done. A great tip when installing new circuits is to leave the hooking up of the hot wire to the circuit box for last. Ensure that the fuse is removed and the circuit breaker is turned off.
Place the outlet boxes in the desired position within the frame. The design of the boxes allows for an extension of slightly below ½-inch over the stud that they are being attached to, in order to accommodate the drywall. Run wires between the boxes roughly, cutting as necessary and ensuring that enough wire is there to attach the studs with staples about every 4 feet. Drill holes of ½ to 5/8 of an inch to run the wire through the studs. As appropriate, staple the wire, ensuring that a staple is placed close to each junction or box.
Once the wire is run, strip off the outer layer of plastic with a utility knife to the point close to where it goes into the box. Take the insulation out from around the ground wire. Use the needle-nose pliers to take off approximately ½ to ¾ of an inch of insulation from the white and black wires and attach them. When the wiring is done, ensure that all of the electrical access points are covered to prevent severe electric shock.
There should be no more than 8 15-amp outlets on a circuit that is utilizing 14 gauge wires or 6 20-amp outlets for general purpose utilizing 12 gauge wires. The circuit is in danger of overload if more than that is allowed. Inspectors and codes might stipulate different numbers of boxes in particular areas. For circuits that are designated for heavier loads, like an air conditioning unit or for a microwave, smaller outlets numbers might be required or perhaps a dedicated circuit might become necessary.